T03P07 - Urban Policies & Health Inequalities

Topic : Policy and Politics sponsored by Policy & Politics Journal

Chair : Daniel Weinstock - directoradmin.ihsp@mcgill.ca

Second Chair : Shona Hilton - shona.hilton@glasgow.ac.uk

General Objectives, Research Questions and Scientific Relevance

Call for papers

Session 1 Identifying & Explaining Urban Health Inequalities

Wednesday, June 28th 16:15 to 18:15 (Block B 3 - 4)


Daniel Weinstock - directoradmin.ihsp@mcgill.ca - Institute for Health & Social Policy - Canada


Right Here Right Now: piloting novel approaches for (near) real-time research to inform health policy within an urban context

Shona Hilton - shona.hilton@glasgow.ac.uk - University of Glasgow - United Kingdom

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Health policymakers rely on appropriate evidence to inform decision-making, however, social, political and economic change often outpaces researchers’ capacity to produce meaningful evidence in a timely manner.  Widespread adoption of social and mobile technologies has increased opportunities for capturing context specific, real-time, concurrent data on people’s everyday experiences. Utilising these technologies could help to address some of the shortcomings of traditional research approaches, particularly in relation to timeliness and flexibility, and could increase public engagement in the processes of evidence generation, knowledge translation and policy decision-making.

In order to explore contemporary population health issues from the perspectives of citizens in near real-time researchers from the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow collaborated with the Glasgow Centre for Population Health, the Institute for Design Innovation at the Glasgow School of Art and NHS Health Scotland to develop the Right Here Right Now pilot study. Based in Glasgow, Scotland, where there are stark health inequalities, researchers engaged with stakeholders and citizens to design an inclusive and user-friendly study, which made use of online technologies. Over a period of six months a sample of 180 ‘community researchers’ from across all areas of the city contributed their insights on a range of topical question sets developed with project stakeholders working in government, NHS and third sector organisations. Data were analysed thematically and key findings disseminated to all community researchers and stakeholders within two weeks of question issue.

The Right Here Right Now pilot provides key insights around the opportunities for developing new methods for gathering qualitative data in near to real-time that could inform our understanding of the impact of policies on health and social inequalities, and expand traditional views on engaging citizens in decision-making processes. This presentation will introduce Right Here Right Now and discuss the data collection methods employed, project outcomes, and next steps.


Mobile Public Service: A New Way of China 's Urban Management Service —Taking the Urban Mobile Public Service in the Minority Areas as an Example

ShengWang Miao - miaoshengwang0123@163.com - School of Public Management - China

Yinxi Liu - yinxiliu@126.com - Inner Mongolia University - China

Yang Yang - yangyangnd@163.com - Inner Mongolia University - China

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[Abstract]Since the reform and opening up, China's urbanization is advancing rapidly, and the contradictions have been gradually highlighted. Many problems have prompted the government administrators to innovate the means and methods of management innovation, and put the city management in an important position. The sharing of basic public services within the city is of great significance to maintain regional social stability and promote the development of urbanization. In recent years, the practice of "mobile police room", "mobile library", "mobile hospital" and "mobile library" in the Mainland is the innovation of urban management service driven by the modernization of the country's grass-roots governance. Supply innovation has reduced the quality and quantity of the basic public services within the city, and satisfied the local people's demand for all kinds of basic public services, and promoted the rapid advance of urbanization.

"Mobile Public Service" has certain advantages in exploring the modernization of urban grassroots governance capacity, realizing the sharing of public services within the city, promoting the equalization of basic public services, guiding the healthy development of the city and establishing a service-oriented government. The author believes that the "mobile public service" in the field of urban development and public governance, especially in promoting the process of urbanization has a trial, the promotion of practical significance. Therefore, to improve the level and capability of urban management services and realize the rapid advance of urbanization, we can promote the communication and cooperation between the departments through the promotion of the concept of governance and the ability to govern, based on the concept of "mobile public service", to build a trust and cooperation platform, Reasonable and perfect mechanism of responsibility and strengthen the construction of service-oriented government, and so on to promote the process of modern urban development.

Keywords: mobile public services, service innovation, governance modernization, urbanization development

The impact of Uber’s Introduction on Drunk Driving in South Africa

Mark Daku - mark.daku@mcgill.ca - Montreal Health Equity Research Consortium - Canada

Jonathan Huang - jon.huang@mcgill.ca - McGill University - Canada

The advent of mobile phone-based ride sharing services such as Uber promise many individual benefits including reduce transportation cost and improved transparency and accessibility. One consequent population health benefit projected by proponents is a reduction in alcohol or other impaired operation of private vehicles and attendant reductions in motor vehicle collisions, related injuries, and ultimately deaths. Recent investigations in the United States, however, found little evidence to suggest introduction of Uber caused a reduction either in general road traffic-related or specific drunk-driving related mortality. However, other contexts may prove to be more amenable to the potential impact of ride sharing on in reduction of injuries and deaths.  We examine the case of Uber’s introduction in three urban centers in South Africa in order to assess whether or not the South African context creates the conditions for the purported health benefits that ride sharing may provide. We combine qualitative field research with difference-in-difference and regression discontinuity analysis to examine how the introduction of Uber may impact drinking and driving in three major South African cities. Important differences between contexts – and potentially between groups of consumers –mediate any impact that ride share services may have on drinking and driving outcomes. While a potentially useful intervention, policy makers who are considering limitations or incentives for ride sharing services should be mindful of the ways in which populations are differentially affected by these services. Any potential reduction in drunk driving, and resulting improvement in health outcomes, may only apply to certain populations.

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