WHAT DO POLITICIANS WANT, AND WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR PUBLIC POLICY?
Kent Weaver is a Professor of Public Policy and Government at Georgetown University and a senior fellow in Governance Studies at the Brookings Institution. Before joining the Georgetown faculty, he was a full-time Senior Fellow at Brookings. He began his career on the faculty of the Political Science Department at Ohio State University.
How do strategic politicians make tradeoffs and prioritize among multiple objectives, such as winning and staying in office, career advancement, “good policy”, personal gain, and historical legacy? And what impact does this have on public policy? This talk develops a general framework for understanding how politicians prioritize objectives and make strategic choices in particular contexts, focusing on the role of political vehicles (notably political parties) and broader political opportunity structures within which politicians operate. How different institutional contexts shape politicians’ objectives and policy outputs are explored in a comparison of policymaking in the U.S. federal government, the European Union and the Chinese party-state
THE GLOBAL REACH AND LIMITS OF MAINSTREAM PUBLIC POLICY PROCESS THEORIES
Wolfgang Drechsler is Professor of Governance at TalTech’s Ragnar Nurkse Department, Honorary Professor of UCL in the Institute of Innovation and Public Purpose, and Associate and member of the advisory board at Harvard University’s Davis Center. Since 2020, he also serves as the Chair of the executive board of EAPAA, the European Association for Public Administration Accreditation. In civil service, he has been Advisor to the President of Estonia, Executive Secretary with the German Wissenschaftsrat, and, as an APSA Congressional Fellow, Senior Legislative Analyst in the United States Congress. He has been a visiting professor at the Central University of Finance and Economics Beijing, at the University of Malaya, at Zhejiang and at Gadjah Mada Universities, at NIDA Bangkok, and at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. Wolfgang’s main academic interests are Non-Western Public Administration, Governance, and Economics (especially Buddhist, Confucian and Islamic); Public Management, Technology, and Innovation; and Public Management Reform generally.
Leong Ching's work lies in making sense of apparently irrational environmental behavior, whether in refusal to use recycled water, underinvesting in water utilities, or decision making in building dams and managing rivers. She uses narratives, perceptions and stories to understand collective public behavior as well as environmental identities. Her field research is focused on water institutions and governance in Asia. Leong Ching has graduate degrees in philosophy, information technology and journalism. Before joining the university, she had a career in television and newspaper journalism.
Osmany Porto de Oliveira is Assistant Professor of International Relations at the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp). He holds two PhDs in Political Science. He received a PhD from the Université Sorbonne Nouvelle (2015), with the highest distinction, and a PhD from the University of São Paulo (2013). He received his B.A in International Relations from the University of Bologna, Italy (2006), and his M.A in Sociétés Contemporaines from the Université Sorbonne Nouvelle (2008). He won the award of best young researcher at the VII CEISAL Congress in the University Fernando Pessoa, Portugal (2013). He publishes in Portuguese, English, French and Spanish. His main books are “International Policy Diffusion and Participatory Budgeting: Ambassadors of Participation, International Institutions and Transnational Networks”, Palgrave McMillan (2017) and "Le transfert d'un modèle de démocratie participative: Paradiplomatie entre Porto Alegre et Saint-Denis" (2010), Éditions IHEAL/CREDA. His research areas are public policy, international relations, policy transfer and participatory democracy. He organized in São Paulo the International Conference on Policy Diffusion and Development Cooperation (2018), which received participants from 22 countries. He was visiting researcher at the Istituto de Estudios Peruanos, Lima (2013) and visiting fellow in the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex (2018), Brighton.
Sabine Saurugger is a professor of political science and Director of Sciences Po, Grenoble. After studying political science at the University of Vienna (Austria) and at the Freie Universität in Berlin (Germany), she obtained her PhD in political science at Sciences Po Paris. She has been a researcher or visiting professor at the University of Lausanne, at the University of Montreal, l'Université libre de Bruxelles, at Nuffield College in Oxford and as Theseus Visting Professor at the University of Cologne. Since 2016 she has also been a visiting professor at the College of Europe in Bruges, where she teaches one of the research seminars. She is a honorary member of the Institut universitaire de France (IUF 2009-2014). Co-authoring with Fabien Terpan, she has recently published the books, Crisis and Institutional Change in Regional Integration (Routledge 2016) and The Court of Justice of the European Union and the Politics of Law (Palgrave 2017). Her articles analyzing the activism of the Court of Justice of the European Union, the theory of European integration and interest groups have appeared in journals such as Policy Sciences, Journal of Common Market Studies, Journal of European Public Policy, European Journal of Political Research, West European Politics, Political Studies Review, Revue française de science politique ou Pouvoirs.
the major conceptualizations of the dynamics of the policy process—such as the multiple streams approach, the punctuated equilibrium framework, the advocacy coalition framework, and historical institutionalism— originated in the US. They have since been used to explain the dynamics of policy change and continuity in other jurisdictions. This panel examines how well these theories and Anglo-Saxon approaches more generally to public policy and administration have traveled beyond where they originated. Panelists examine how, if at all, they require modification to explain policy processes and public administration in other political systems, including those in the Global South.