Courses and Workshops

International Summer School on Public Policy - Yaounde Edition

 COURSES ON THE POLICY PROCESS: THEORY, METHODS AND POLITICS (EN)

4 courses are proposed in the morning, 2 in English (Course 1&2) and 2 in French (Course 3&4)

 

Course 1 : Policy design by B. Guy Peters (EN)

The course will address the study of public policy, and the practice of making public policy, through the concept of policy design.   Public policy is fundamentally  design science, attempting to craft appropriate responses to policy problems existing in the economy and society.  The course will begin with an examination of the nature of policy problems, including "wicked" problems.   It will then proceed to a discussion of policy instruments and the means through which the public sector can intervene in an attempt to resolve policy problems.  This will be followed by questions of institutional design, and the means of intervention available to governments.  The course will conclude with a discussion of emerging models of policy design based on product design.  The course will be based on my recently published book, Policy Problems and Policy Design (Edward Elgar, 2018).

 

Course 2: Public Policy in the Age of Technoscience: Emotions, Expertise and Deliberation by Anna Durnova (EN)

Modern western technoscientific societies have been, in deed, developed as societies creating outward-looking individuals, self-determined to choose, to debate and to contest (Beck 1988, Jasanoff 2004, Harding 2008) . Through their recent cleavages and controversies in health, technology or urban planning, these societies - characterized by political scientists as “liberal democracies”, - seem to replicate axis of existing culture wars – political conflicts over moral values of society. Policy expertise on topics such as family, sexuality, migration, or climate change steps in the terrain of everyday moralities, frustrations, desires and emotions. Western democracies seems to have landed in times in that being in rage with expertise is a legitimate political stance (Higgins 2016) . All this prompts us to reconsider the position of policy expertise within the current deliberative systems (Mansbridge et al. 2012) the way how policy expertise is communicated and epistemic authority of policy expertise itself.

 In the course, we thus intend to explore links between policy expertise, deliberation and emotions. Echoing critical policy studies, the course aims to develop a deeper understanding of narratives, meanings and discursive practices, through that citizens articulate the various contestations in diverse policy fields related to, but not limited to, technoscience, health, climate change or urban planning.At the same time, the course wants to use these examples to further conceptualize the rage against expertise’ as part of a larger knowledge-emotion boundary.

 

Course 3: The Politics of Policymaking, a pragmatic approach by Philippe Zittoun (FR)

This course revolves around Professor Zittoun's book "The Political Process of Policymaking." Its main objective is to identify and discuss how we can grasp the political dimension of the policy process by observing and defining the struggles around the problem but also around the meaning of proposed solutions. Special attention will be paid to the building of coalitions, existing powerful dimensions, and the different challenges solutions encounter along their path. Why do some solutions manage to make it to the decision-making process whereas others fail? Under what conditions and at what price do solutions make it to the solution agenda? How do some actors succeed in "domesticating" "wicked" problems? First, this course will explore the career of a public problem, from emergence to agenda setting. Second, it will explore the career of the proposal as it passes through different arenas such as bureaucracy, the advice system, and the political arena. Policy problems and solutions will be observed on the basis of three games: the game of language where a statement takes on meaning and becomes a problem/solution, the game of actors where this definition is stabilized through coalition building, and the game of power through the formation of multiple levels of power. The course will draw on the studies undertaken by key authors in the field and will explore how they perceive the political dimension in the policy process. It will also propose different concepts and approaches to help grasp the policy process from a different perspective.

 

Course 4: Community Public Policy by Stéphane Monney Mouandjo (FR)

Community public policies constitute the base of this teaching in an African context and a simultaneous attempt of affirmation and reaffirmation of the authenticity of African identity's forms with projections towards what should be considered as universality. It is indeed trying to analyse interactions that are existing or likely to exist between the national and Community universes as much in the conception as within the operationalisation of public policies, since both can 'inter-determine' themselves in the construction of an integrated vision of what the African continent's transformation strategies should be.

Thus, this intervention aims at questioning the Responsible Public Governance (RPG) concept, its genesis and its pertinence. This concept brought to light by the CAFRAD, which, today, leads to a reflection on its articulation with the Public Policy elements of conception and operationalisation, on a national but also on a community scale, in an African context where very normative approaches seem to prevail, without questionning the efficiency, lisibility or contextuality aspects that are essential to understand these spaces whose specificity lies within a substantial complexity.

 

COURSES ON THE POLICY PROCESS: THEORY, METHODS AND POLITICS (FR)

4 cours sont proposés sont le matin, 2 en anglais (cours 1&2) et 2 en français (3&4).

 

Cours 3: La fabrique politique des politiques publiques par Philippe Zittoun (FR)

Ce cours propose d'aborder le processus de fabrique des politiques publiques en observant tout particulièrement les luttes que conduisent les acteurs autour de la définition des problèmes et aussi de la construction et de la mise en sens des solutions. Reprenant les fondements d'une approche sociologique à la fois constructiviste et pragmatiste, ce cours aborde les différents processus qui structurent la fabrique d'une politique publique, en prenant en compte la formation des coalitions autour des propositions et les multiples lieux où se déroulent les conflits de pouvoir entre acteurs. Il s'agit ainsi d'apprendre à suivre la trajectoire des problèmes et celles des propositions en se demandant les conditions de succès mais aussi d'échecs des différents énoncés portés par des coalitions au sein des multiples espaces de débats. Loin de se contenter d'analyser les espaces visibles, le cours propose d'explorer les zones ombragées de l'espace politico-administratif où se déploient les interactions entre acteurs. Partant des travaux des auteurs classiques des politiques publiques (LAsswell, Lindblom, Easton, Kingdon, etc.), il s'agit de présenter une approche originale dans le champ des politiques publiques.

 

Cours 4: Politiques Publiques Communautaires par by Stéphane Monney Mouandjo (FR)

Les politiques publiques communautaires constituent la trame majeure de cet enseignement dans un contexte africain de tentative concomitante d’affirmation et de réaffirmation de l’authenticité voire des formes d’identités africaines avec des projections vers ce qu’il convenu de considérer comme l’universalité. C’est en effet tenter d’analyser les interactions existant ou susceptibles d’exister entre les univers nationaux et communautaire autant dans la conception que dans l’opérationnalisation des politiques publiques, étant entendu que l’une et l’autre peuvent ‘’s’entre-déterminer’’ dans la construction d’une vision intégrée de ce que devraient être les stratégies de transformation du continent africain.

Aussi, cette intervention vise-t-elle à questionner le concept la Gouvernance Publique Responsable (GPR), sa genèse et sa pertinence. Ce concept mis en lumière par le CAFRAD, qui, aujourd’hui, donne lieu à une réflexion à partir de son articulation avec les éléments de conception et d’opérationnalisation des politiques publiques à la fois nationales et communautaires, en l’occurrence, dans un contexte où, ont semble prévaloir, en Afrique, des approches très souvent normatives, sans que soit nécessairement questionnés, les aspects d’efficacité, de lisibilité voire de contextualité, par ailleurs, indispensables, à la compréhension de ces espaces dont la particularité réside aussi dans une substantielle complexité.