IPPA-ENAP Summer School - Brasilia Edition
6 courses are proposed in the morning: 3 courses are for Ph.D. Students to apply through IPPA website, and 3 are proposed to practitioners and ENAP students to apply through ENAP website.
Course 1 for Ph.D. Students and young scholars: Policy design by B. Guy Peters
Policymaking involves designing the interventions of the public sector intended to correct policy problems. This course will discuss the development of thinking about policy design and the components of design (problems, instruments, evaluation, and intervention). Some attention will be paid to addressing complex and "wicked" problems, and to emerging ideas about designing.
Course 2 for Ph.D and young scholars: Policy dynamics and Interest Organizations by Laura Chaqués-Bonafont
The aim of this course is to study the role social groups and interest organizations play in the policy process. Interest groups – business groups, to non-governmental organizations, trade unions, professional associations, or think tanks— are key providers of information and technical knowledge, represent different views and ways of thinking about policy issues, and increasingly, they become key actors in the policy process in most advanced democracies. The course is aimed to: (1) analyze under what conditions interest groups participate in the policy process, and to what extend important differences exist across types of groups, across issues, countries and levels of governance –supranational, national, sub-national level—; (2) study how interest groups activities affect policy outcomes, paying special attention to agenda setting and social capital theories. Finally the course is also aimed to provide students with methodological tools for the study of interest organizations and policy dynamics
Course 3 for Ph.D. Students and young scholars: public policy process: Theory, Politics and Methods by Frank Fischer
This course and the corresponding workshop examine the theory of the public policy process, with an emphasis on political, conceptual and methodological issues. It begins with an exploration of the evolution of theory development in public policy studies, including an emphasis on the interplay among competing analytical criteria--efficiency, equity and legitimacy—in policy decision processes. The discussion then turns to an investigation of each phase of the policymaking process, from the politics of agenda setting (emphasizing interest group competition, parties, movements and the media), policy formulation (focused on policy advice, cost-benefit analysis and epistemic policy communities), policy decision-making and adoption (concerned with state imperatives and models of power), implementation (dealing with policy design, bureaucratic politics, and program recipients), and policy evaluation and learning (comparing technocratic versus constructivist and collaborative approaches). In the process, the course gives special attention to the kinds of knowledge and inquiry appropriate to each phase of the policy process. At various points, it also considers the role of methodical approaches and theoretical models, including the advocacy coalition model, rational choice theory, the liberal-institutional perspective, the discourse approach, and the deliberative-orientation “argumentative turn.” Contemporary methodological debates between quantitative and qualitative/interpretive approaches to policy inquiry are also explored. Where possible, the lectures and research presentations will be coordinated to permit more specific discussions of theoretical and methodological issues.
Course 4 for practitioners: Policy Coordination by Charlotte Halpern
Policy coordination - across policy domains, across levels of governments - constitutes a major challenge for policy analysts as well as for practitioners. Yet public policies are usually discussed one by one, and in practice, policy coordination is often extremely difficult to achieve. Drawing on the methods and tools available in the public policy literature, as well as on specific case studies, this course will examine the reasons for promoting greater coordination, highlight the barriers preventing such coordination, and explore the various mechanisms through which policy coordination may contribute to more effective political capacities.
Course 5 for practitioners: Policy Evaluation and Policy Process by Giliberto Capano
Evaluation is the activity through which we develop an understanding of the merit, worth, and utility of a policy. It is important to understand how policy evaluation fits into the larger policy process and above all it is important to understand what policy evaluation can be according to the context to which it is applied and how policy evaluation can really do to improve policy design as well policy implementation. In this course, Policy Evaluation will be dealt with as an ongoing activity that encompasses all the policy process, thus the main analytical focus will be on evaluating: the policy content (the policy design); the policy implementation and the policy outcomes. On evaluating the policy content the main question will be: does the policy design clearly articulate the goals and the related means? On evaluating policy implementation, the main question to be addressed will be: was the policy implementation developed in the proper way to reach the expected goals? On evaluating policy outcomes, the main questions to be enlightened will be: why the implemented policies have/have not produced the expected results? Why very often there is disagreement in evaluating policy outcomes? What are the more appropriate techniques to evaluate policy outcomes according the policy filed and the related context? Being this course “designed” for practitioners, that means for people working at different administrative levels as policy designers/implementers/evaluator, it will be delivered in a very interactive way and the empirical application will be based, if possible, on the policy fields of interest of the students.
Course 6 for practitioners: Policy Design by M. Ramesh
The objective of the course will be to introduce participants to the theory and practice of Public Policy Design. It will begin with a discussion of the concept and challenges of policy design. Next, it will discuss the process of policy design: understanding and defining the policy problem, surveying the range of tools available to address the defined problem and assessing the appropriateness of the tools against technical, political, operational, and capacity criteria. Finally, it will discuss how to apply policy design in the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of policies. Lectures will be complemented by case study discussions during workshops.